The Trojan War

Trevor Bryce

in The Oxford Handbook of the Bronze Age Aegean

Published in print January 2012 | ISBN: 9780199873609
Published online September 2012 | | DOI:

Series: Oxford Handbooks in Archaeology

 The Trojan War

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  • Classical Studies
  • Greek and Roman Archaeology
  • Religion in the Ancient World


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The story of Troy's war with the Greeks is one of the best-known narrative episodes from the Greek and Roman literary tradition. To the ancient Greeks and Romans, it provided the inspiration for a wide range of artistic representations in the fields of painting, sculpture, poetry, drama, and philosophy. Ancient Greek writers proposed widely varying dates for the Trojan War, ranging from as early as 1334 to as late as the tenth century bc. In the interval between the war and the earliest written records of it, traditions about the conflict were kept alive and orally transmitted by a succession of storytellers, no doubt like the bards and minstrels who, according to Homer, entertained the courts of kings and noblemen in Mycenae. By far the most famous version of the tale is that narrated by Homer in the Iliad.

Keywords: Troy; Greeks; Romans; Trojan War; Homer; Mycenae; Iliad

Article.  3848 words. 

Subjects: Classical Studies ; Greek and Roman Archaeology ; Religion in the Ancient World

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