Martha Heath Wiencke

in The Oxford Handbook of the Bronze Age Aegean

Published in print January 2012 | ISBN: 9780199873609
Published online September 2012 | | DOI:

Series: Oxford Handbooks in Archaeology


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  • Classical Studies
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Ancient Lerna forms a low mound of some 12,000 square meters on the west shore of Argos Bay, beside an abundant spring. The inhabitants had easy access to good farmland, timber, and main routes north to Argos and south into Arcadia. Excavation at the site was carried out in the 1950s by the American School of Classical Studies under the direction of John L. Caskey, when some twenty percent of the mound was excavated. Most of the deposits belong to the Neolithic and Early and Middle Bronze Ages; the preserved finds are kept in the Archaeological Museum of Argos. The Neolithic occupation at Lerna left three-meter-deep deposits, of which only little could be excavated. Some ten percent of the Neolithic ceramic material, most frequently the painted Urfi rnis (Urf), was preserved for study by Karen D. Vitelli.

Keywords: Lerna; Argos Bay; Arcadia; excavation; John L. Caskey; Urfi rnis; Karen D. Vitelli

Article.  4459 words. 

Subjects: Classical Studies ; Ancient Greek History ; Greek and Roman Archaeology

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