Western Mediterranean

Lucia Vagnetti

in The Oxford Handbook of the Bronze Age Aegean

Published in print January 2012 | ISBN: 9780199873609
Published online September 2012 | | DOI:

Series: Oxford Handbooks in Archaeology

 Western Mediterranean

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  • Classical Studies
  • Greek and Roman Archaeology
  • Historical Archaeology


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During the Early and Middle Bronze Age, Minoan Crete plays the most active role, looking mainly eastward and developing a local network inside the Aegean, in particular with the Cyclades and the Peloponnese. The evidence for the western interconnection is supported almost entirely by archaeological finds, as there is no significant reference to this part of the world in Linear B texts, and writing was not yet in use among the communities of the Central and Western Mediterranean. The great explorations by Paolo Orsi in Sicily resulted in the discovery of several Bronze Age necropolis in which Mycenaean pottery was fairly common. In 1899–1900, the important Bronze Age settlement of Scoglio del Tonno near Taranto was excavated by Q. Quagliati. The large quantity and variety of Mycenaean pottery from these early discoveries remain a substantial source of information today.

Keywords: Minoan Crete; Aegean; Western Mediterranean; Paolo Orsi; Bronze Age; necropolis; Mycenaean pottery; settlement; Q. Quagliati

Article.  6361 words. 

Subjects: Classical Studies ; Greek and Roman Archaeology ; Historical Archaeology

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