Article

Individual Differences: Challenging Our Assumptions

Ann Marie Ryan and Paul R. Sackett

in The Oxford Handbook of Organizational Psychology, Volume 1

Published in print July 2012 | ISBN: 9780199928309
Published online September 2012 | | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/oxfordhb/9780199928309.013.0005

Series: Oxford Library of Psychology

 Individual Differences: Challenging Our Assumptions

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Organizational psychologists often make assumptions regarding the variability and stability of individual differences (e.g., ability, personality, interests). In this chapter, we discuss the evidence regarding interindividual variability in individual differences in workplace contexts, intraindividual stability in individual differences across adult working years, and intraindividual variability across attributes (e.g., variability across a profile of ability or personality characteristics). We highlight the ways in which mistaken assumptions may affect conclusions regarding the predictive and explanatory power of individual differences, and we provide suggestions for research to enhance understanding of the variability and stability of commonly assessed individual differences.

Keywords: Individual differences; intraindividual stability; intraindividual variability; range restriction; interindividual variability

Article.  12083 words. 

Subjects: Psychology ; Organizational Psychology ; Social Psychology

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