Article

Buddhist Economics

Matthew King


Published online July 2016 | | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/oxfordhb/9780199935420.013.64

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In addition to summarizing key concerns in Theravāda Buddhist Economics by scholars such as E. F. Schumacher and the Thai monk Payutto, this essay explores how descriptions of the West, Western development, and the “science” of economics serves in that literature to construct Occidentalist versions of Southeast Asian traditionalism and religious orthodoxy. It then introduces the previously unstudied work of Shérab Tendar, a prominent Tibetan Buddhist scholar in the contemporary People’s Republic of China who has written prodigiously on what he considers to be a scripturally based Mahāyāna and Tantric Buddhist Economics. Comparing these three influential iterations of Buddhist Economics, this essay argues that this movement has less to do with economics proper than with what I call trans-Buddhist “scales of value”: site-specific desires and measures of sought after outcomes that here privilege the economy and economic behavior as a technique for individual, social, and environmental well-being and emancipation.

Keywords: Buddhist Economics; economy; value; Theravāda; Tibetan; Shérab Tendar; E. F. Schumacher; Payutto

Article.  11235 words. 

Subjects: Buddhism ; Comparative Religion ; Religious Studies ; Sociology of Religion

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