Journal Article

Cognitive Processes of Deaf and Hearing Skilled and Less Skilled Readers

Paula M. Brown and Laurie C. Brewer

in The Journal of Deaf Studies and Deaf Education

Volume 1, issue 4, pages 263-270
Published in print January 1996 | ISSN: 1081-4159
Published online January 1996 | e-ISSN: 1465-7325 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/oxfordjournals.deafed.a014301
Cognitive Processes of Deaf and Hearing Skilled and Less Skilled Readers

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This study was designed to investigate whether inferences about predictable events are drawn in a similar manner by deaf and hearing readers and whether the drawing of inferences varies as a function of reading level. One hundred twenty college students participated, 40 hearing and 80 deaf. The hearing students and 40 of the deaf students scored above 10.0 on the California Reading Test. The other 40 deaf students scored between 6.5 and 7.5. Each subject read 40 passages representing four inference conditions. After each, they performed a lexical decision task and a comprehension task. Results indicated that passages that invited an inference provided a facilitative context for word recognition for all subjects. The deaf less skilled readers were significantly slower and made significantly more errors, supporting a difference in reading performance related to word recognition and lexical access inefficiency. Deaf skilled readers were not differentiated from hearing readers and showed evidence of rapid and accurate word decoding.

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Subjects: Education ; Linguistics ; Teaching of Specific Groups and Special Educational Needs

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