Journal Article

Consensus on Early Identification of Hearing Loss?

Marc Marschark

in The Journal of Deaf Studies and Deaf Education

Volume 3, issue 2, pages 173-175
Published in print January 1998 | ISSN: 1081-4159
Published online January 1998 | e-ISSN: 1465-7325 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/oxfordjournals.deafed.a014346
Consensus on Early Identification of Hearing Loss?

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The National Institutes of Health Consensus Development Conference on Early Identification of Hearing Impairment was convened to address the advantages of early identification of hearing impairment and the consequences of late identification of hearing impairment, the issue of which children should be screened for hearing impairment and when, the advantages and disadvantages of current screening methods, the question of which model for hearing screening and follow-up is preferred, and future directions for research in diagnosis and management of hearing impairment in infants and young children. Among their findings, the panel concluded that (1) all infants admitted to the neonatal intensive care unit be screened for hearing loss prior to discharge, (2) universal screening be implemented for all infants within the first 3 months of life, (3) the preferred model for screening should begin with an evoked otoacoustic emissions test and should be followed by an auditory brainstem response test for all infants who fail the evoked otoacoustic emissions test, (4) comprehensive intervention and management programs must be an integral part of a universal screening program, (5) universal neonatal screening should not be a replacement for ongoing surveillance throughout infancy and early childhood, and (6) education of primary caregivers and primary health care providers on the early signs of hearing impairment is essential.

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Subjects: Education ; Linguistics ; Teaching of Specific Groups and Special Educational Needs

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