Journal Article

A Comparison of the Vocal Patterns of Deaf and Hearing Mother-Infant Dyads during Face-to-Face Interactions

Lynne Sanford Koester, Lisa R. Brooks and Andrea M. Karkowski

in The Journal of Deaf Studies and Deaf Education

Volume 3, issue 4, pages 290-301
Published in print January 1998 | ISSN: 1081-4159
Published online January 1998 | e-ISSN: 1465-7325 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/oxfordjournals.deafed.a014357
A Comparison of the Vocal Patterns of Deaf and Hearing Mother-Infant Dyads during Face-to-Face Interactions

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This study was part of a longitudinal investigation of the impact of deafness on the cognitive, social, and communicative development of infants. The current study reports analyses of the vocalizations of deaf and hearing infants and their Deaf or hearing mothers during normal face-to-face interactions when the infants were 9 months old. Results indicate essentially no differences in the amount of positive or negative vo calizations emitted by infants in any of the four groups ob served. However, there is a heightened use of vocal games by hearing mothers interacting with deaf infants, indicating that these mothers are incorporating several additional sensory modalities into their vocal expressions. This is interpreted as one way in which parents make their vocal communication more salient and accessible to an infant with a hearing loss. Deaf mothers are also highly active and engaged with their infants, but have been found to rely more extensively on vigorous tactile contact rather than auditory input during these same interactions.

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Subjects: Education ; Linguistics ; Teaching of Specific Groups and Special Educational Needs

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