Journal Article

<i>De novo</i> expression of transforming growth factor-α in parathyroid gland tissue of patients with primary or secondary uraemic hyperparathyroidism

J. Gogusev, P. Duchambon, C. Stoermann-Chopard, M. Giovannini, E. Sarfati and T. B. Drüeke

in Nephrology Dialysis Transplantation

Published on behalf of European Renal Association - European Dialysis and Transplant Assoc

Volume 11, issue 11, pages 2155-2162
Published in print November 1996 | ISSN: 0931-0509
e-ISSN: 1460-2385 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/oxfordjournals.ndt.a027131
De novo expression of transforming growth factor-α in parathyroid gland tissue of patients with primary or secondary uraemic hyperparathyroidism

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Background.

The factors involved in abnormal parathyroid cell secretory function and growth in patients with primary and secondary hyperparathyroidism are still incompletely understood.

Patients and Methods.

We studied the expression of transforming growth factor-α (TGF-α), epidermal growth factor (EGF) and EGF receptor (EGF-R) at the gene message and the protein level in parathyroid tissue obtained from six patients with primary hyperparathyroidism, 15 patients with secondary uraemic hyperparathyroidism and five subjects with normal parathyroid tissue, using in situ hybridization and/or immunostaining technique.

Results.

We found a consistent expression of TGF-α mRNA and protein in parathyroid endocrine cells of all six cases of primary parathyroid adenoma and in nearly all cases of secondary hyperplasia, in contrast to the absence of expression in normal parathyroid tissue. A marked expression of EGF-R mRNA and protein was also found in four of five tissue samples of primary parathyroid adenoma, in 13 of 15 tissue samples of secondary parathyroid hyperplasia and in most samples of normal parathyroid gland tissue. EGF mRNA and protein expression was undetectable in the majority of parathyroid tissue samples examined.

Conclusion.

Since TGF-α is known to bind to the EGF-R, the finding of an increased expression of TGF-α at the gene message and the protein level, together with a strong expression of EGF-R, in hyperplastic and adenomatous parathyroid glands suggests that this growth factor interacts with its receptor to promote parathyroid cell proliferation, perhaps by an autocrine mechanism.

Keywords: hyperparathyroidism; primary; secondary; uraemia; growth factors; PTH

Journal Article.  0 words. 

Subjects: Nephrology

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