Journal Article

Hydralazine inhibits human peritoneal mesothelial cell proliferation and collagen synthesis

C.-C. Fang, C.-J. Yen, Y.-M. Chen, F.-N. Ko, T.-J. Tsai, P.-H. Lee and B.-S. Hsieh

in Nephrology Dialysis Transplantation

Published on behalf of European Renal Association - European Dialysis and Transplant Assoc

Volume 11, issue 11, pages 2276-2281
Published in print November 1996 | ISSN: 0931-0509
e-ISSN: 1460-2385 | DOI:
Hydralazine inhibits human peritoneal mesothelial cell proliferation and collagen synthesis

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The integrity of the mesothelial layer is essential for both defence and solute transport in continuous ambulatory peritoneal dialysis (CAPD). The human peritoneal mesothelial cell (HPMC) culture has been shown to be a very useful tool to study the peritoneal mesothelial stem cell behaviour. We investigated whether hydralazine, an antihypertensive agent frequently used, might affect HPMC growth and collagen synthesis. HPMCs were cultured from specimens of human omentum by enzymatic disaggregation of omentum. HPMC growth was evaluated by modified methyltetrazolium (MTT) assay. Cell viability was confirmed by trypan blue exclusion and lactate dehydrogenase assay. Collagen synthesis was measured by 3H-proline incorporation into pepsin-resistant, salt-precipitated collagen. Intracellular cAMP levels were measured by enzyme immunoassay. The procollagen α1 (I) mRNA expression was evaluated by Northern blot analysis. Hydralazine inhibited serum-stimulated HPMC growth in a dose-dependent manner. The maximal inhibition was 93% at a concentration of 100 μg/ml. Hydralazine inhibited collagen synthesis in confluent mesothelial cells (47% inhibition at a concentration of 100 .tg/ml). The procollagen α1 (I) mRNA expression was also decreased by hydralazine (about 50% decrease at 100 μg/ml). These effects may be due to the phosphodiesterase inhibition property of hydralazine to increase intracellular cAMP levels. These data suggest that the use of hydralazine in CAPD patients may affect peritoneal membrane function and integrity.

Keywords: cAMP; collagen; hydralazine; peritoneal dialysis; peritoneal mesothelial cell

Journal Article.  0 words. 

Subjects: Nephrology

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