Journal Article

Renal bone disease in 76 patients with varying degrees of predialysis chronic renal failure: a cross-sectional study

G. Coen, S. Mazzaferro, P. Ballanti, D. Sardella, S. Chicca, M. Manni, E. Bonucci and F. Taggi

in Nephrology Dialysis Transplantation

Published on behalf of European Renal Association - European Dialysis and Transplant Assoc

Volume 11, issue 5, pages 813-819
Published in print May 1996 | ISSN: 0931-0509
e-ISSN: 1460-2385 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/oxfordjournals.ndt.a027404
Renal bone disease in 76 patients with varying degrees of predialysis chronic renal failure: a cross-sectional study

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Background

Renal osteodystrophy has been studied less extensively in predialysis than in dialysis patients. Different types of histological patterns in their natural evolution from moderate to advanced severity of renal insufficiency are only partially known, with special regard to adynamic bone disease and its relationship with osteomalacia.

Methods

We conducted a cross-sectional retrospective study on 76 unselected patients with chronic renal failure undergoing conservative treatment, with a wide range of severity of renal insufficiency. All the patients were subjected to bone biopsy for histological and histomorphometric evaluation. The patients, 44 males and 32 females ranging in age from 18 to 72 years and with serum creatinine 1.2–11.4 mg/dl, had not been exposed to aluminium-containing drugs and had never been treated with vitamin D or calcitriol.

Results

Ten patients had normal bone, nine were diagnosed with adynamic bone disease, 26 with mild mixed osteodystrophy, seven with predominant osteomalacia, 22 with advanced mixed osteodystrophy, and two with predominant hyperparathyroidism. Patients with adynamic bone disease had less severe chronic renal failure than the other pathological subgroups, intact PTH above the upper limit of normal, normocal-caemia, and reduced serum osteocalcin in line with a significantly lower ObS/BS.

Osteomalacia was found in a more advanced stage of chronic renal failure with relative hypocalcaemia and more severe metabolic acidosis. A creatinine clearance of 20 ml/min served as a clear demarcation between this histological group and adynamic bone disease.

Conclusions

It is postulated that adynamic bone disease is a form of renal osteodystrophy, separate from osteomalacia, appearing when bone resistance to PTH develops, probably a transient stage to more advanced hyperparathyroid histological classes with increasing severity of chronic renal failure.

Keywords: renal osteodystrophy; end-stage renal disease; non-dialysed patients; bone histomorphometry; adynamic bone disease; osteomalacia; secondary hyperparathyroidism; PTH resistance

Journal Article.  0 words. 

Subjects: Nephrology

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