Journal Article

Hydrodynamic thrombectomy of haemodialysis grafts and fistulae: results of 51 procedures

D. Vorwerk, K. Schürmann, C. Müller-Leisse, G. Adam, A. Bücker, M. Sohn, H. Kierdorf and R. W. Günther

in Nephrology Dialysis Transplantation

Published on behalf of European Renal Association - European Dialysis and Transplant Assoc

Volume 11, issue 6, pages 1058-1064
Published in print June 1996 | ISSN: 0931-0509
e-ISSN: 1460-2385 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/oxfordjournals.ndt.a027456
Hydrodynamic thrombectomy of haemodialysis grafts and fistulae: results of 51 procedures

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Purpose.

To describe efficacy of hydrodynamic thrombectomy for occluded dialysis native and graft fistulae in 51 instances.

Materials and methods.

Fifty-one hydrodynamic thrombectomies of 34 native and graft a–v fistulae were performed. There were 32 thrombectomies in PTFE grafts and 19 procedures in native Brescia-Cimino fistulae. Multiple thrombectomies were performed in 11 of 34 fistulae. The estimated occlusion time was 36.4±22 h. The length of the occluded segment ranged from 2 to 50 cm (mean 28.8 cm). In all cases, a 7 F hydrodynamic thrombectomy catheter was used. Double-cannulation technique was used for graft flstulae, single-cannulation for native fistulae. Additionally, balloon dilatation was performed in all 51 cases, stenting in six, and aspiration thrombectomy in two cases.

Results.

Arterialized flow was re-established by hydrodynamic thrombectomy and PTA in 43 of 51 cases (84%). By additional use of other techniques, technical success improved to 46 of 51 procedures (90%). Early re-thrombosis occurred in six cases within 24 h of thrombectomy (11%). Clinical success was achieved in 39 of 46 technically successful cases (85%). Cumulative patency was calculated at 63% after 1 week, 57% after 1 month, 48% after 3 months, 37% after 6 months, and 32% after 12 months. Patency of native fistulae after thrombectomy was better than patency of grafts.

Conclusion.

Hydrodynamic thrombectomy is an effective percutaneous technique for declotting haemodialysis fistulae and grafts recently thrombosed.

Keywords: flstulae; haemodialysis fistula; thrombectomy; hydrodynamic; grafts

Journal Article.  0 words. 

Subjects: Nephrology

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