Journal Article

Regulation by Cytokinins of Endogenous Levels of Jasmonic and Salicylic Acids in Mechanically Wounded Tobacco Plants

Hiroshi Sano, Shigemi Seo, Nozomu Koizumi, Tomoya Niki, Hajime Iwamura and Yuko Ohashi

in Plant and Cell Physiology

Published on behalf of Japanese Society of Plant Physiologists

Volume 37, issue 6, pages 762-769
Published in print September 1996 | ISSN: 0032-0781
e-ISSN: 1471-9053 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/oxfordjournals.pcp.a029011
Regulation by Cytokinins of Endogenous Levels of Jasmonic and Salicylic Acids in Mechanically Wounded Tobacco Plants

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  • Biochemistry
  • Molecular and Cell Biology
  • Plant Sciences and Forestry

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Plants respond differentially to wounding and pathogens using distinct signaling pathways, so that wound signals are transmitted to jasmonic acid (JA) which induces basic pathogenesis-related (PR) proteins, whereas pathogenic signals cause, in addition to JA, accumulation of salicylic acid (SA) which stimulates production of acidic PR proteins. Transgenic tobacco plants expressing a gene for a small GTP binding protein respond abnormally to mechanical wounding to produce SA and consequently acidic PR proteins, suggesting that wound signals cross with pathogen signaling pathways [Sano et al. (1994) Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 91: 10556]. This unusual signal crossing is associated with a highly sensitive wound-response of transgenic plants which, upon wounding, produce JA at least eighteen hours earlier than wild-type plants. When wildtype plants are wounded in the presence of the synthetic cytokinin, benzylaminopurine, production of JA begins six hours earlier than in untreated samples, and also SA begins to accumulate. The cytokinin antagonist, 2-chloro-4-cyclohexylamino-6-ethylamino-s-triazine, erases these effects. Because transgenic plants constitutively produce four-to six-fold higher amounts of endogenous cytokinins than wild-type plants, it is concluded that cytokinins are indispensable for control of endogenous levels of SA and JA.

Keywords: Cytokinins; Jasmonic acid; PR proteins; Salicylic acid; Small GTP binding proteins; Wounding

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Subjects: Biochemistry ; Molecular and Cell Biology ; Plant Sciences and Forestry

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