Journal Article

Promotion of Cocklebur Seed Germination by Allyl, Sulfur and Cyanogenic Compounds

Akiko Maruyama, Makoto Yoshiyama, Yasuhiro Adachi, Akinobu Tani, Ryo Hasegawa and Yohji Esashi

in Plant and Cell Physiology

Published on behalf of Japanese Society of Plant Physiologists

Volume 37, issue 8, pages 1054-1058
Published in print December 1996 | ISSN: 0032-0781
e-ISSN: 1471-9053 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/oxfordjournals.pcp.a029053
Promotion of Cocklebur Seed Germination by Allyl, Sulfur and Cyanogenic Compounds

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The effects of allyl, sulfur and cyanogenic compounds on the germination of upper cocklebur (Xanthium pennsylvanicum Wallr.) seeds were examined. Mercaptoethanol and methylmercaptan as well as KCN, substrates for rβcyanoalanine synthase (CAS), and H2S and thiocyanate, the products of the CAS catalyzing reaction, were effective in promoting germination, suggesting the involvement of CAS in germination.

Most of allyl compounds, especially allylthiourea, as well as ethylene which activated CAS [Hasegawa et al. (1994) Physiol. Plant. 91: 141], promoted the germination in an abnormal type which occurred by the predominant growth of cotyledons as did C2H4 [Katoh and Esashi (1975) Plant Cell Physiol. 16: 687]. However, they failed to activate CAS unlike ethylene, and to liberate free ethylene during an incubation period. It was thus possible that an C2H4-like double bond within allyl compounds can act to promote seed germination.

Keywords: Allyl compound; Cocklebar; rβ-Cyanoalanine synthase (EC 4.4.1.9); Cyanogenic compound; Seed germination; Sulfur compound

Journal Article.  0 words. 

Subjects: Biochemistry ; Molecular and Cell Biology ; Plant Sciences and Forestry

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