Journal Article

Genetic Analysis of the Effects of Polar Auxin Transport Inhibitors on Root Growth in <i>Arabidopsis thaliana</i>

Hironori Fujita and Kunihiko Syono

in Plant and Cell Physiology

Published on behalf of Japanese Society of Plant Physiologists

Volume 37, issue 8, pages 1094-1101
Published in print December 1996 | ISSN: 0032-0781
e-ISSN: 1471-9053 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/oxfordjournals.pcp.a029059
Genetic Analysis of the Effects of Polar Auxin Transport Inhibitors on Root Growth in Arabidopsis thaliana

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Polar auxin transport inhibitors, including N-1-naphthylphthalamic acid (NPA) and 2,3,5-triiodobenzoic acid (TIBA), have various effects on physiological and developmental events, such as the elongation and tropism of roots and stems, in higher plants. We isolated NPA-resistant mutants of Arabidopsis thaliana, with mutations designated pir1 and pir2, that were also resistant to TIBA. The mutations specifically affected the root-elongation process, and they were shown ultimately to be allelic to aux1 and ein2, respectively, which are known as mutations that affect responses to phytohormones. The mechanism of action of auxin transport inhibitors was investigated with these mutants, in relation to the effects of ethylene, auxin, and the polar transport of auxin. With respect to the inhibition of root elongation in A. thaliana, we demonstrated that (1) the background level of ethylene intensifies the effects of auxin transport inhibitors, (2) auxin transport inhibitors might act also via an inhibitory pathway that does not involve ethylene, auxin, or the polar transport of auxin, (3) the hypothesis that the inhibitory effect of NPA on root elongation is due to high-level accumulation of auxin as a result of blockage of auxin transport is not applicable to A. thaliana, and (4) in contrast to NPA, TIBA itself has a weak auxin-like inhibitory effect.

Keywords: Arabidopsis thaliana; aux1; Auxin transport inhibitors; ein2; N-1-Naphthylphthalamic acid (NPA); Root growth

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Subjects: Biochemistry ; Molecular and Cell Biology ; Plant Sciences and Forestry

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