Journal Article

Changes in Soluble Sugar, Starch, and Alcohol Dehydrogenase in <i>Arabidopsis thaliana</i> Exposed to N<sub>2</sub> Diluted Atmospheres

D.Marshall Porterfield, Mark L. Crispi and Mary E. Musgrave

in Plant and Cell Physiology

Published on behalf of Japanese Society of Plant Physiologists

Volume 38, issue 12, pages 1354-1358
Published in print January 1997 | ISSN: 0032-0781
Published online January 1997 | e-ISSN: 1471-9053 | DOI:
Changes in Soluble Sugar, Starch, and Alcohol Dehydrogenase in Arabidopsis thaliana Exposed to N2 Diluted Atmospheres

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  • Biochemistry
  • Molecular and Cell Biology
  • Plant Sciences and Forestry


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Proper exchange of atmospheric gases is important for normal root and shoot metabolism in plants. This study was conducted to determine how restricted air supply affects foliar carbohydrates, while using the marker enzyme alcohol dehydrogenase (ADH) to report on the oxygena-tion status of the rootzone. Fourteen-day-old Arabidopsis thaliana (L.) Heynh. plants grown singly in 7-ml tubes containing agarified nutrient medium were placed in coupled Magenta vessels and exposed for six days to either ambient air or one of six different air/nitrogen dilutions. Redox potential of the agar medium was measured immediately after harvesting and freezing leaf tissue, and then root systems were quickly extracted from the agar and frozen for subsequent analyses. Redox potential measurements indicated that this series of gas mixtures produced a transition from hypoxia to anoxia in the root zones. Root ADH activity increased at higher rates as the redox potential neared anoxic levels. In contrast, ADH mRNA expression quickly neared its maximum as the medium became hypo-xic and showed little further increase as it became anoxic. Foliar carbohydrate levels increased 1.5- to 2-fold with decreased availability of metabolic gases, with starch increasing at higher concentrations of air than soluble carbohydrate. The results serve as a model for plant performance under microgravity conditions, where absence of convec-tive air movement prevents replenishment of metabolic gases.

Keywords: Alcohol dehydrogenase; Arabidopsis thaliana; Carbohydrate metabolism

Journal Article.  0 words. 

Subjects: Biochemistry ; Molecular and Cell Biology ; Plant Sciences and Forestry

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