Journal Article

Changes in Photosystem Stoichiometry in Response to Environmental Conditions for Cell Growth Observed with the Cyanophyte <i>Synechocystis</i> PCC 6714

Akio Murakami, Sung-Jun Kim and Yoshihiko Fujita

in Plant and Cell Physiology

Published on behalf of Japanese Society of Plant Physiologists

Volume 38, issue 4, pages 392-397
Published in print January 1997 | ISSN: 0032-0781
Published online January 1997 | e-ISSN: 1471-9053 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/oxfordjournals.pcp.a029181
Changes in Photosystem Stoichiometry in Response to Environmental Conditions for Cell Growth Observed with the Cyanophyte Synechocystis PCC 6714

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Changes in photosystem stoichiometry in response to shift of environments for cell growth other than light regime were studied with the cyanophyte Synechocystis PCC 6714 in relation to the change induced by light-quality shift. Following two environment-shifts were examined: the shift of molecular form of inorganic carbon source for photosynthesis from CO2 to HCO3 (CO2 stress) and the increase in salinity of the medium with NaCl (0.5 M) (Na+ stress). Both CO2 and Na+ stresses induced the increase in PSI abundance resulting in a higher PSI/PSII stoichiometry. CO2 stress was found to elevate simultaneously Cyt c oxidase activity (Vmax). The feature was the same as that caused by light-quality shift from preferential excitation of PSI to PSII (light stress) though the enhancement by either stress was smaller than that by light stress. Under our experimental conditions, PSI/PSII stoichiometry appeared to increase at a fairly constant rate to the basal level even when the basal level had been differently determined by the light-quality. Enhancing rates for PSI/PSII stoichiometry and for Cyt c oxidase activity were also similar to each other. Since the two stresses affect the thylakoid electron transport similarly to the shift of light-quality, we interpreted our results as follows: three environmental stresses, CO2, Na+, and light stresses, cause changes in electron turnover capacity of PSI and Cyt c oxidase under a similar, probably a common, mechanism for monitoring redox state of thylakoid electron transport system.

Keywords: Cyt c oxidase; Environmental stress; Photosystem stoichiometry; Synechocystis PCC6714; Thyla-koids

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Subjects: Biochemistry ; Molecular and Cell Biology ; Plant Sciences and Forestry

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