Journal Article

Gene Expression during Cold Acclimation in Strawberry

Christian Ndong, Francois Ouellet, Mario Houde and Fathey Sarhan

in Plant and Cell Physiology

Published on behalf of Japanese Society of Plant Physiologists

Volume 38, issue 7, pages 863-870
Published in print January 1997 | ISSN: 0032-0781
Published online January 1997 | e-ISSN: 1471-9053 | DOI: https://dx.doi.org/10.1093/oxfordjournals.pcp.a029245
Gene Expression during Cold Acclimation in Strawberry

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  • Biochemistry
  • Molecular and Cell Biology
  • Plant Sciences and Forestry

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To elucidate the molecular basis of cold acclimation in strawberry (Fragaria × anannassa), we have begun studies to identify genes associated with low temperature (LT) acclimation. Differential screening of a cDNA library prepared from cold-acclimated strawberry plants allowed us to isolate several cDNAs showing differential expression at LT. Northern analysis showed that the transcript level of Fcorl (Fragaria cold-regulated) peaked after 2 days of LT exposure while that of Fcor2 peaked after 2 weeks. On the other hand, the level of Fcor3 transcript decreased within 24 hours of LT exposure and remained low during the 8 weeks acclimation period. Fcorl and Fcor2 are expressed in all tissues while Fcor3 is specific to leaves. The Fcorl-encoded protein has a compositional bias for leucine, isoleucine, glycine, proline and serine. This protein shares homology with the proteins encoded by blt101, a LT-re-sponsive gene from barley, and ESI3, a gene induced by salt stress in Lophopyrum. The FCOR2 protein is rich in lysine, leucine, valine, alanine and arginine, and shows no homology with any known gene products. The partial Fcor3 cDNA clone encodes a polypeptide that shows a very high identity with the spinach PSI subunit V and with the PSI PsaG polypeptide from barley. The level of Fcor1 transcript accumulation is correlated with the freezing tolerance of the strawberry cultivars used in our study. This suggests that Fcorl may be useful as a molecular marker to select for this trait in related species of the Rosaceae family.

Keywords: Cold acclimation; Freezing tolerance; Gene expression; RNA extraction; Rosaceae; Strawberry

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Subjects: Biochemistry ; Molecular and Cell Biology ; Plant Sciences and Forestry

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