Journal Article

Induction of Glucose 6-Phosphate Transport Activity in Chloroplasts of <i>Mesembryanthemum crystallinum</i> by the C<sub>3</sub>-CAM Transition

Shin Kore-eda and Ryuzi Kanai

in Plant and Cell Physiology

Published on behalf of Japanese Society of Plant Physiologists

Volume 38, issue 8, pages 895-901
Published in print January 1997 | ISSN: 0032-0781
Published online January 1997 | e-ISSN: 1471-9053 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/oxfordjournals.pcp.a029249
Induction of Glucose 6-Phosphate Transport Activity in Chloroplasts of Mesembryanthemum crystallinum by the C3-CAM Transition

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To study possible changes in the transport metabolites between chloroplasts and cytoplasm during CAM induction of Mesembryanthemum crystallinum, we compared substrate specificity of P11 translocator(s) in isolated chloroplasts from the C3 and CAM-induced plants. The [14C]glu-cose 6-phosphate (G6P) transport activity was significant only in the chloroplasts of CAM-mode plants and not detectable in those of C3-mode, while a similar high rate of [32P]Pi uptake was observed with both types of chloroplasts. Kinetic analysis of G6P uptake in the CAM chloroplasts showed a high Vmax [10.6 μmol (mg Chl)−1 h−1] and a comparatively low Km value (0.41 mM); the latter was similar to Ki values of Pi, 3-phosphoglycerate and phospho-enolpyruvate, 0.30, 0.34 and 0.47 mM, respectively. On the other hand, [32P]Pi uptake in the CAM chloroplasts was inhibited competitively by G6P with a Ki value (8.4 mM) 20-fold higher than the Km value for G6P uptake, while that in C3 chloroplasts was not inhibited at all. These results suggest that a new G6P/Pi, counterexchange mechanism is induced in the chloroplast envelope of CAM-induced M. crystallinum in addition to the ordinary type of P, translocator, that cannot transport G6P, already present in the C3-type chloroplasts.

Keywords: Chloroplasts; Crassulacean acid metabolism; Glucose 6-phosphate transport; Mesembryanthemum crystallinum; Phosphate translocators

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Subjects: Biochemistry ; Molecular and Cell Biology ; Plant Sciences and Forestry

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