Journal Article

Factors Affecting UV-B-Induced Changes in <i>Arabidopsis thaliana</i> L. Gene Expression: the Role of Development, Protective Pigments and the Chloroplast Signal

Brian R. Jordan, Patricia E. James and Soheila A.-H.- Mackerness

in Plant and Cell Physiology

Published on behalf of Japanese Society of Plant Physiologists

Volume 39, issue 7, pages 769-778
Published in print July 1998 | ISSN: 0032-0781
Published online July 1998 | e-ISSN: 1471-9053 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/oxfordjournals.pcp.a029433
Factors Affecting UV-B-Induced Changes in Arabidopsis thaliana L. Gene Expression: the Role of Development, Protective Pigments and the Chloroplast Signal

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Gene expression is known to change in response to UV-B radiation. In this paper, we have investigated three factors in Arabidopsis leaves that are likely to influence these changes: development, protective pigments and the ‘chloroplast signal’. During late leaf development the major change in pigment composition, after exposure to UV-B radiation, is an increase in UV-absorbing pigments. Chl and Chl a/b ratio do not change substantially. Similarly Chl fluorescence is not altered. In contrast, RNA transcripts for photosynthetic proteins are reduced more in older leaves than in young leaves. To determine the role of flavonoids in UV-B protection, plants of Arabidopsis mutant tt-5, which have reduced flavonoids and sinapic esters, were exposed to UV-B and RNA transcript levels determined. The tt-mutants were more sensitive to UV-B radiation than wild-type. To examine the role of the chloroplast signal in regulating UV-B-induced changes in gene expression, Arabidopsis gun mutants (genome uncoupled) have been used. The results show that UV-B-induced down-regulation still takes place in gun mutants and strongly suggests that the chloroplast signal is not required. Overall, this study clearly demonstrates that UV-B-induced changes in gene expression are influenced by both developmental and cellular factors but not chloroplastic factors.

Keywords: Arabidopsis thaliana; Chloroplast signal; Flavonoids; Gene expression; Leaf development; Ultraviolet-B radiation

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Subjects: Biochemistry ; Molecular and Cell Biology ; Plant Sciences and Forestry

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