Journal Article

Phenylpropanoids as a Protectant of Aluminum Toxicity in Cultured Tobacco Cells

Yoko Yamamoto, Akiko Hachiya, Hiroki Hamada and Hideaki Matsumoto

in Plant and Cell Physiology

Published on behalf of Japanese Society of Plant Physiologists

Volume 39, issue 9, pages 950-957
Published in print September 1998 | ISSN: 0032-0781
Published online September 1998 | e-ISSN: 1471-9053 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/oxfordjournals.pcp.a029459
Phenylpropanoids as a Protectant of Aluminum Toxicity in Cultured Tobacco Cells

More Like This

Show all results sharing these subjects:

  • Biochemistry
  • Molecular and Cell Biology
  • Plant Sciences and Forestry

GO

Show Summary Details

Preview

Aluminum (Al) enhances ferrous ion [Fe(II)]-mediated peroxidation of lipids, which is lethal to normal tobacco cells, but not to phosphate (Pi)-starved cells ( −P cells). We found that tobacco cells accumulated phenylpropanoid compounds including chlorogenic acid (CGA) and caffeic acid (CA) during Pi starvation. The accumulation was inhibited by 2-aminoindan-2-phosphonic acid (AIP), a specific inhibitor of L-phenylalanine ammonia lyase (PAL). CGA, CA and also an extract containing the phenylpropanoid compounds from −P cells protected normal cells ( +P cells) efficiently from both lipid peroxidation and the loss of viability caused by the combined application of Al and Fe(II), indicating that the phenylpropanoids acted as antioxidant molecules. −P cells exhibited approximately 25-fold higher specific activity of PAL than +P cells. The content of the phenylpropanoids and the activity of PAL were not affected by the combined treatment with Al and Fe(II) in either +P cells or −P cells. These results suggest that an increase in PAL activity during Pi starvation enhances the accumulation of phenylpropanoids, and that the phenylpropanoids protect tobacco cells from cytotoxic lipid peroxidation caused by the combination of Al and Fe(II)

Keywords: Aluminum; Lipid peroxidation; Nicotiana tabacum; Phenylpropanoid; Phenylalanine ammonia lyase; Phosphate starvation

Journal Article.  0 words. 

Subjects: Biochemistry ; Molecular and Cell Biology ; Plant Sciences and Forestry

Full text: subscription required

How to subscribe Recommend to my Librarian

Users without a subscription are not able to see the full content. Please, subscribe or login to access all content.