Journal Article

Effect of Horizontal Clinorotation on the Root System Development and on Lipid Breakdown in Rapeseed (<i>Brassica napus</i>) Seedlings

Jawad Aarrouf, Nicole Darbelley, Chantal Demandre, Njara Razafindramboa and Gerald Perbal

in Plant and Cell Physiology

Published on behalf of Japanese Society of Plant Physiologists

Volume 40, issue 4, pages 396-405
Published in print January 1999 | ISSN: 0032-0781
Published online January 1999 | e-ISSN: 1471-9053 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/oxfordjournals.pcp.a029555
Effect of Horizontal Clinorotation on the Root System Development and on Lipid Breakdown in Rapeseed (Brassica napus) Seedlings

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Seedlings of Brassica napus were cultivated on a slowly rotating clinostat (1 rpm) or in the vertical control for 5 d. The root growth, the cotyledonary reserves and the transport of 14C-labeled sucrose from cotyledons to root system were studied in both cultural conditions. The biomass (fresh weight) of the root system was 35% higher in the horizontally clinorotated seedlings than in the controls. This increase was correlated with a greater degradation of reserve lipids and faster accumulation of sucrose in the cotyledons. The activity of isocitrate lyase, one of the two enzymes necessary to conversion of lipids into glucids, was also greater in the cotyledons of clinorotated seedlings. The labeling distribution of 14C in the cotyledons, the hypocotyl and the root system after 30, 60 and 120 min of application of 14C-labeled sucrose on the cotyledons showed higher translocation of the cotyledonary sucrose to the root system of clinorotated seedlings. In addition, we studied the effects of clinorotation on the biomass of the excised root system (of 10 d old seedlings) cultivated in a medium containing 1% sucrose. The horizontally clinorotated root system grew more than that of the controls.

These results showed that the horizontal clinorotation acted on the root system growth and provoked a higher sucrose translocation from source to sink, i.e. from cotyledons to root system.

Keywords: Brassica napus; Carbohydrate metabolism; 14C-labeled sucrose translocation; Oil seed; Root system; Slowly rotating clinostat

Journal Article.  0 words. 

Subjects: Biochemistry ; Molecular and Cell Biology ; Plant Sciences and Forestry

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