Journal Article

Photosynthetic Adaptation to Salt Stress in Three-Color Leaves of a C<sub>4</sub> Plant <i>Amaranthus tricolor</i>

Yumei Wang, Yu-Ling Meng, Hiroshi Ishikawa, Takashi Hibino, Yoshito Tanaka, Naosuke Nii and Teruhiro Takabe

in Plant and Cell Physiology

Published on behalf of Japanese Society of Plant Physiologists

Volume 40, issue 7, pages 668-674
Published in print January 1999 | ISSN: 0032-0781
Published online January 1999 | e-ISSN: 1471-9053 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/oxfordjournals.pcp.a029591
Photosynthetic Adaptation to Salt Stress in Three-Color Leaves of a C4 Plant Amaranthus tricolor

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We examined the photosynthetic adaptation mechanisms for salt stress in Amaranthus tricolor, which has leaves with green, yellow and red regions, in relation to the accumulation of glycinebetaine as osmoprotectants. The content of Chl, especially of Chl b in the red and yellow regions was 3˜4% of that in the green region. The levels of Chl proteins such as LHCII, PSI and PSII were significantly lower than those in the green region. However, the contents of other photosynthetic proteins in these regions seem to be relatively high. We observed the net photosynthetic CO2 fixation activity in the red and yellow regions which was about 40% of that in the green region. Upon salt stress (0.3 M NaCl) for 5 d the levels of Chl, PSI, PSII, ribulose 1,5-bis phosphate carboxygenase and oxygenase, and the CO2 fixation rate in the green region decreased by about 20˜35% whereas those in the non-green regions remained almost at the same levels. A. tricolor was found to accumulates glycinebetaine, betainealdehyde dehydrogenase and choline monooxygenase at similar levels in all three color regions and their contents increased upon salt stress. These results suggest that the low capacity of light harvesting in non-green regions would be favor of salt stress since the photosynthetic components in these regions were retained at relatively high levels under high salinity.

Keywords: Amaranthus tricolor; Betainealdehyde de hydrogenase; C4 plant; Choline monooxygenase; Glycinebetaine; Salt stress

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Subjects: Plant Sciences and Forestry ; Biochemistry ; Molecular and Cell Biology

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