Journal Article

The Remediation of Problem-Solving Skills in Schizophrenia

Alice Medalia, Nadine Revheim and Matthew Casey

in Schizophrenia Bulletin

Published on behalf of Maryland Psychiatric Research Center

Volume 27, issue 2, pages 259-267
Published in print January 2001 | ISSN: 0586-7614
Published online January 2001 | e-ISSN: 1745-1701 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/oxfordjournals.schbul.a006872
The Remediation of Problem-Solving Skills in Schizophrenia

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Efforts to remediate the problem-solving deficits of patients with schizophrenia have met with circumscribed success. This could be viewed as a sign of the immutability of the deficit or, alternatively, as a reflection of the inefficacy of the training techniques used. This study examined the feasibility of using problem-solving teaching techniques developed within educational psychology for remediating the problem-solving deficits of inpatients with schizophrenia spectrum disorders. These techniques rely on intrinsic motivation and task engagement, which are promoted through contextualization, personalization, and control of learning activities. A sample of 54 patients who demonstrated problem-solving and memory deficits on psychometric testing were randomly assigned to a problem-solving group, a memory training group, or a control group. Patients who received ten sessions of problem-solving remediation showed significantly more improvement on the outcome measure that assessed problem-solving skills required for independent living. Patients who received ten sessions of memory training did not improve on problem-solving measures. These results suggest that patients with schizophrenia spectrum disorders are responsive to problem-solving training techniques that promote intrinsic motivation and task engagement.

Keywords: Schizophrenia; cognitive remediation; problem solving; executive functioning

Journal Article.  0 words. 

Subjects: Child and Adolescent Psychiatry

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