Journal Article

Impaired Temporal Lobe Processing of Preattentive Auditory Discrimination in Schizophrenia

Eero Pekkonen, Heikki Katila, Jyrki Ahveninen, Jari Karhu, Minna Huotilainen and Jari Tiihonen

in Schizophrenia Bulletin

Published on behalf of Maryland Psychiatric Research Center

Volume 28, issue 3, pages 467-474
Published in print January 2002 | ISSN: 0586-7614
Published online January 2002 | e-ISSN: 1745-1701 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/oxfordjournals.schbul.a006954
Impaired Temporal Lobe Processing of Preattentive Auditory Discrimination in Schizophrenia

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Feature-specific stimulus discrimination related to short-term auditory sensory memory can be studied electrophysiologically using a specific event-related potential (ERP) component termed mismatch negativity (MMN), which is generated in the auditory cortex, indexing automatic comparison of the existing memory trace to incoming novel stimuli. Previous results with electroencephalography (EEG) and magnetoencephalography (MEG) suggest that schizophrenia patients have attenuated MMN response and that preattentive auditory processing preceding MMN appears to be functionally asymmetric in schizophrenia. Here we studied parallel MMN activity of the hemispheres using a whole-head MEG by presenting stimulus blocks consisting of frequent standard and infrequent deviant tones to 15 schizophrenia patients and 19 healthy control subjects. Auditory evoked fields (AEFs) were recorded simultaneously over both auditory cortices. The equivalent current dipole (ECD) modeling revealed that patients had significant MMNm reduction (magnetic counterpart of MMN) in both temporal lobes. In addition, patients had significantly delayed MMNm in the left but not in the right hemisphere to ipsilateral auditory stimuli. These results suggest that patients with schizophrenia have impaired auditory processing in the temporal lobes underlying preattentive stimulus discrimination that is also selectively delayed in the left hemisphere.

Keywords: Schizophrenia; magnetoencephalography (MEG); electroencephalography (EEG); mismatchnegativity (MMN); auditory sensory memory

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Subjects: Child and Adolescent Psychiatry

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