Journal Article

North American economic integration and industry location

GH Hanson

in Oxford Review of Economic Policy

Published on behalf of The Oxford Review of Economic Policy Ltd

Volume 14, issue 2, pages 30-44
Published in print June 1998 | ISSN: 0266-903X
Published online June 1998 | e-ISSN: 1460-2121 | DOI: https://dx.doi.org/10.1093/oxrep/14.2.30
North American economic integration and industry location

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Does regional economic integration affect the location of economic activity inside countries? Discussed in this paper is recent academic literature on whether the movement towards free trade in North America has influenced the spatial organization of production in Canada, Mexico, or the United States. In Mexico, closer economic ties with the United States appear to have contributed to a contraction of employment in the Mexico City manufacturing belt, a rapid expansion of manufacturing employment in northern Mexico, and an increase in the wage premiums paid to skilled workers. The effects of economic integration on industry location in Canada and the United States seem to have been much weaker. One exception to this finding is US cities on the Mexican border, whose employment growth is strongly positively correlated with export production in neighbouring Mexican regions. The implication of a possible hemispheric free-trade agreement are also discussed.

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Subjects: Economic Development and Growth ; Public Economics ; Political Economy ; Public Policy

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