Journal Article

The New Economy in Growth and Development

Matti Pohjola

in Oxford Review of Economic Policy

Published on behalf of The Oxford Review of Economic Policy Ltd

Volume 18, issue 3, pages 380-396
Published in print September 2002 | ISSN: 0266-903X
Published online September 2002 | e-ISSN: 1460-2121 | DOI:
The New Economy in Growth and Development

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  • Economic Development and Growth
  • Public Economics
  • Political Economy
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The benefits from the New Economy should accrue as improvements in productivity and economic growth. But while the use of information and communication technology (ICT) seems to have had a substantial impact on the performance of the United States economy, the evidence for other countries is much weaker. This study does not find any significant correlation between ICT investment and economic growth in the period 1985–99 for a sample of 42 countries for which ICT spending data are available. Even more surprisingly and in contrast with some previous studies, the relationship is not statistically significant for the subsamples of industrial or high‐income countries either. There are at least three possible explanations for this apparent ‘productivity paradox’. The most obvious is the fact that not many countries, other than the USA, have yet invested much in ICT. The second reason is that even if they have done so, they may not have invested enough in complementary infrastructure, such as education and skills, in order to reap the benefits from ICT investment. Technology by itself is not a solution to any development problem; it only provides an opportunity. The third and the most controversial explanation is that the neoclassical method applied in assessing the benefits may not capture the most essential aspects of the New Economy or the ICT revolution. The benefits may not lie in the supply side of the economy but in the demand side.

Journal Article.  0 words. 

Subjects: Economic Development and Growth ; Public Economics ; Political Economy ; Public Policy

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