Journal Article

Vocational Training and Gender: Wages and Occupational Mobility among Young Workers

Bernd Fitzenberger and Astrid Kunze

in Oxford Review of Economic Policy

Published on behalf of The Oxford Review of Economic Policy Ltd

Volume 21, issue 3, pages 392-415
Published in print January 2005 | ISSN: 0266-903X
Published online January 2005 | e-ISSN: 1460-2121 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/oxrep/gri023
Vocational Training and Gender: Wages and Occupational Mobility among Young Workers

More Like This

Show all results sharing these subjects:

  • Economic Development and Growth
  • Public Economics
  • Political Economy
  • Public Policy

GO

Show Summary Details

Preview

This paper investigates the relationship between the gender wage gap, the choice of training occupation, and occupational mobility. We use longitudinal data for young workers with apprenticeship training in West Germany. Workers make occupational career choices early in their careers and women and men pursue very different occupational careers. We reconsider whether through occupational segregation women are locked in low-wage careers or whether they can move up to higher wage paths through mobility. We furthermore investigate whether patterns have changed across cohorts during the period 1975–2001 and whether effects vary across the distribution. The main results are, first, while there exists a persistent gender wage gap over experience, the gap has decreased over time. Second, in the lower part of the wage distribution, the gap is highest and it increases with experience. Third, occupational mobility is lower for women than for men and the wage gains due to occupational mobility are higher for men than for women, especially in the lower part of the wage distribution. We conclude that occupational mobility has reduced the gender wage gap, but lock-in effects are still stronger for women compared to men.

Journal Article.  0 words. 

Subjects: Economic Development and Growth ; Public Economics ; Political Economy ; Public Policy

Full text: subscription required

How to subscribe Recommend to my Librarian

Users without a subscription are not able to see the full content. Please, subscribe or login to access all content.