Journal Article

A delayed revolution: environment and agrarian change in India

Tirthankar Roy

in Oxford Review of Economic Policy

Published on behalf of The Oxford Review of Economic Policy Ltd

Volume 23, issue 2, pages 239-250
Published in print June 2007 | ISSN: 0266-903X
Published online January 2007 | e-ISSN: 1460-2121 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/oxrep/grm011
A delayed revolution: environment and agrarian change in India

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  • Agricultural, Environmental, and Natural Resource Economics
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Slow growth of agricultural income has contributed to poor economic growth and poverty in India in modern times. The condition was weakened by Green Revolutions in the last third of the twentieth century. Conventional accounts attribute the stagnation to institutions created during colonial rule in India. This article suggests, instead, that it derived from an environmental constraint. The Green Revolutions succeeded partly because state aid enabled peasants to overcome the constraint in some regions.

Keywords: Green Revolution; agricultural technology; economic history; South Asia; N55; O13; O53; Q18; Q25

Journal Article.  6312 words. 

Subjects: Agricultural, Environmental, and Natural Resource Economics ; Economic Development ; Economywide Country Studies ; Agricultural Economics ; Renewable Resources and Conservation

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