Journal Article

Why is it so difficult? Trade liberalization under the Doha Agenda

Will Martin and Patrick Messerlin

in Oxford Review of Economic Policy

Published on behalf of The Oxford Review of Economic Policy Ltd

Volume 23, issue 3, pages 347-366
Published in print September 2007 | ISSN: 0266-903X
Published online January 2007 | e-ISSN: 1460-2121 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/oxrep/grm026
Why is it so difficult? Trade liberalization under the Doha Agenda

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Many explanations have been offered for the current difficulties of the World Trade Organization (WTO). In fact, the system appears to have managed many of these challenges reasonably well, including the increase in the number of members, its ‘mediaeval’ decision-making procedures, the changing geopolitical environment, the rapid growth of preferential trade arrangements (PTAs), the complexity of its agreements, and concerns about erosion of unilateral preferences. By contrast, the near-exhaustion of the traditional fuel of industrial-country non-agricultural tariffs, the increasing importance of non-trade concerns, and incomplete adjustment to a new, multi-polar negotiating system appear to be important factors requiring further examination.

Keywords: WTO; GATT; trade negotiations; international relations; Doha Development Agenda; multilateral; trading system; diplomacy; F10; F13; F15; O19

Journal Article.  11190 words. 

Subjects: International Trade ; Economic Development

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