Journal Article

A <sup>12</sup>CO [math]) Survey of Molecular Clouds toward the Vela Supernova Remnant with NANTEN

Yoshiaki Moriguchi, Nobuyuki Yamaguchi, Toshikazu Onishi, Akira Mizuno and Yasuo Fukui

in Publications of the Astronomical Society of Japan

Volume 53, issue 6, pages 1025-1036
Published in print December 2001 | ISSN: 0004-6264
Published online December 2001 | e-ISSN: 2053-051X | DOI:
A 12CO [math]) Survey of Molecular Clouds toward the Vela Supernova Remnant with NANTEN

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The molecular distribution toward the whole extent of the Vela SNR has been obtained at a linear resolution of 0.15 pc in 12CO ([math]) emission with the NANTEN telescope. The CO distribution is generally anti-correlated with the SNR. The X-ray distribution has a sharp boundary toward the CO clouds, especially in the east, suggesting an interaction between them. There is only weak CO emission in the west, and the X-ray emission extends smoothly toward this direction. This indicates that the absence of dense gas probably allowed hot gas to escape freely. The CO clouds are highly filamentary, exhibiting a spatial correlation with regions of optical shocked features on a large scale. In the north of the SNR, enhanced X-ray emission is found toward network-like optical filaments. We suggest that this enhancement is due to the evaporation of molecular gas by shock heating caused by the interaction between the blast wave and the molecular gas. Comparisons with a few simple theoretical models of SNR evolution and expansion indicate that the clouds are mostly pre-existent, are being accelerated, and are evaporating now.

Keywords: ISM: clouds; ISM: individual objects; ISM: kinematics and dynamics; ISM: molecules; ISM: supernova remnants

Journal Article.  7862 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Interstellar Medium

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