Journal Article

Study of the Bipolar Nebula IRAS 19312+1950. I. Mapping Observations

Jun-ichi Nakashima, Shuji Deguchi and Nario Kuno

in Publications of the Astronomical Society of Japan

Volume 56, issue 1, pages 193-205
Published in print February 2004 | ISSN: 0004-6264
Published online February 2004 | e-ISSN: 2053-051X | DOI:
Study of the Bipolar Nebula IRAS 19312+1950. I. Mapping Observations

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IRAS 19312[math]1950 is an SiO maser source that exhibits a prominent bipolar nebulosity. Mapping observations of this object were made in the CO [math],[math], C[math], CS [math], and HCN [math] lines and in the 150 GHz continuum band. Near-infrared imaging observations were also made in the [math], and [math]-bands. The line profiles of the [math] and HCN spectra consist of a weak component with the width of [math] and a strong component of the width of [math]. The profiles of the [math], C[math], and CS lines have only the narrow component. Both of the components have an intensity peak at the IRAS position. The narrow component was clearly resolved with a [math] telescope beam. The spectral energy distribution of this object exhibits a doubly peaked profile between 1 and 25[math]. The 150 GHz continuum flux density was found to be 0.07 Jy, which is consistent with the flux density predicted by the expanding envelope model with a mass loss rate of [math] at a distance of 2.5 kpc. We argue that the broad component originates from the expanding envelope of this object, and that the hot dust cloud, the source of the narrow component, is physically associated with this object. Though the present observations do not preclude the possibility of a young stellar object, we argue that it is less plausible. We conclude that IRAS 19312[math]1950 is an AGB/post-AGB star that evolved from a massive progenitor.

Keywords: stars: AGB and post-AGB; circumstellar matter; stars: individual (IRAS 19312+1950)

Journal Article.  7727 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Stars

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