Journal Article

Expression of Two Uricase (Nodulin-35) Genes in a Non-Ureide Type Legume, <i>Medicago sativa</i>

Xian-Guo Cheng, Mika Nomura, Kenichi Takane, Hiroshi Kouchi and Shigeyuki Tajima

in Plant and Cell Physiology

Published on behalf of Japanese Society of Plant Physiologists

Volume 41, issue 1, pages 104-109
Published in print January 2000 | ISSN: 0032-0781
Published online January 2000 | e-ISSN: 1471-9053 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/pcp/41.1.104
Expression of Two Uricase (Nodulin-35) Genes in a Non-Ureide Type Legume, Medicago sativa

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  • Molecular and Cell Biology
  • Plant Sciences and Forestry

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Two cDNA clones, MsU2 and MsU9 encoding uricase (EC 1.7.3.3, Nodulin-35) were isolated from a cDNA library prepared from nodule tissues of alfalfa, Medicago sativa, plants. Both MsU2 and MsU9 encoded 308 amino acid polypeptides with a difference of 5 amino acids, and the deduced amino acid sequences shared 98% homology. Between these two cDNA clones and uricase genes of soybean which were designated as Nod-35s, more than 80% identity was observed in nucleotides and deduced amino acid sequences, suggesting that these MsU2 and MsU9 are homologs of Nod-35.

Using the reverse transcription-PCR technique, we detected the transcripts of these two genes in almost all tissues of alfalfa. The operation of uricase genes was confirmed by the presence of ureide in the xylem sap and uricase activity in the nodules. In situ hybridization analysis revealed that MsU2 and MsU9 were expressed only in uninfected cells of the infected zone of the nodule tissue. The cell specific-expression of the two uricase genes was observed in an identical manner to that of Nod-35 in soybean nodules.

Keywords: Alfalfa; Gene expression; Medicago sativa; Nod-35; Ureide; Uricase (EC 1.7.3.3)

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Subjects: Biochemistry ; Molecular and Cell Biology ; Plant Sciences and Forestry

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