Journal Article

Photosystem II Damage and Repair Cycle in the Green Alga <i>Dunaliella salina</i>: Involvement of a Chloroplast-Localized HSP70

Kittisak Yokthongwattana, Bozena Chrost, Shannon Behrman, Catharina Casper-Lindley and Anastasios Melis

in Plant and Cell Physiology

Published on behalf of Japanese Society of Plant Physiologists

Volume 42, issue 12, pages 1389-1397
Published in print December 2001 | ISSN: 0032-0781
Published online December 2001 | e-ISSN: 1471-9053 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/pcp/pce179
Photosystem II Damage and Repair Cycle in the Green Alga Dunaliella salina: Involvement of a Chloroplast-Localized HSP70

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The involvement of HSP70B in the photosystem II damage and repair process in Dunaliella salina was investigated. A full-length cDNA of the D. salina hsp70B gene was cloned and sequenced. Expression patterns of the hsp70B gene were investigated upon shifting a D. salina culture from low-light to high-light growth conditions, designed to significantly accelerate the rate of PSII photodamage. Northern blot analyses and nuclear run-on transcription assays revealed a significant but transient induction of hsp70B gene transcription, followed by a subsequent increase in HSP70B protein synthesis and accumulation. Mild detergent solubilization of photoinhibited thylakoid membranes, in which photodamaged PSII centers had accumulated, followed by native gel electrophoresis revealed the formation of a 320 kDa protein complex that contained, in addition to the HSP70B, the photodamaged but as yet undegraded D1 protein as well as D2 and CP47. Evidence suggested that the 320 kDa complex is a transiently forming PSII repair intermediate. Denaturing solubilization of the 320 kDa PSII repair intermediate by SDS-urea resulted in cross-linking of its polypeptide constituents, yielding a 160 kDa protein complex. The role of the HSP70B in the repair of photodamaged PSII centers, e.g. in stabilizing the disassembled PSII-core complex and in facilitating the D1 degradation and replacement process, is discussed.

Keywords: Key words: Dunaliella salina — Heat shock protein — Photodamage — Photoinhibition — Photosystem II — Repair cycle.; Abbreviations: Chl, chlorophyll; PSII, photosystem II; PSI, photosystem I; LHC, light harvesting complex.

Journal Article.  6981 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Biochemistry ; Molecular and Cell Biology ; Plant Sciences and Forestry

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