Journal Article

Regulation of Energy Balance in Photosystems in Response to Changes in CO<sub>2</sub> Concentrations and Light Intensities during Growth in Extremely-High-CO<sub>2</sub>-Tolerant Green Microalgae

Akira Satoh, Norihide Kurano, Horst Senger and Shigetoh Miyachi

in Plant and Cell Physiology

Published on behalf of Japanese Society of Plant Physiologists

Volume 43, issue 4, pages 440-451
Published in print April 2002 | ISSN: 0032-0781
Published online April 2002 | e-ISSN: 1471-9053 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/pcp/pcf054
Regulation of Energy Balance in Photosystems in Response to Changes in CO2 Concentrations and Light Intensities during Growth in Extremely-High-CO2-Tolerant Green Microalgae

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Regulation of energy balance in photosystems in response to extremely-high-CO2 (40%) and low-CO2 (0.04%) stress was studied in extremely-high-CO2-tolerant green microalgae, Chlorococcum littorale and Chlorella sp. UK001. To investigate the energy input process, we assessed an F714/F685-ratio in a 77K fluorescence emission spectrum induced by 440-nm excitation in intact cells, which represents a ratio of fluorescence intensities derived from light-harvesting chlorophyll complexes in PSI and PSII. The F714/F685-ratio increased in several days after transferring C. littorale cells from air to 40% CO2, from 3% to 40% CO2 and from 3% to air. In all cases, the increase in the F714/F685-ratio was observed in high cell density culture, but no or a little increase was apparent in sparse cell density culture, when these cultures were illuminated at 250 µmol photon m–2 s–1. Even in the sparse culture, however, a similar increase in the F714/F685-ratio was observed when C. littorale cells were transferred from 3% to 40% CO2 at 20 µmol photon m–2 s–1. The cell density did not affect the F714/F685-ratio when CO2 concentration was kept at 3%. The activity of PSI electron (e) transport was much higher in 40% CO2-grown cells than in 3% CO2-grown cells irrespective of the cell density during the culture, whereas the difference in PSII activity between them was small. The PSI activity at high cell density was higher also in air-grown cells than that in 3% CO2-grown cells. In both dense and sparse culture, 40% CO2-grown cells and air-grown cells showed higher relative quantum yield of PSI in the presence of DCMU than 3% CO2-grown cells, suggesting an increase in cyclic electron flow around PSI. Likewise, the increase in the F714/F685-ratio in response to the transfer to 40% CO2 was observed also in another extremely-high-CO2-tolerant alga, Chlorella sp. UK001. The possible role of the increases in the F714/F685-ratio, PSI/PSII activity ratio and cyclic e transport activity in extremely-high-CO2 acclimation is discussed in comparison with low-CO2 acclimation.

Keywords: Key words: Acclimation — Chlorella sp. UK001 — Chlorococcum littorale — Chlorophyll fluorescence — CO2 concentration.; Abbreviations: air-, 3% CO2- and 40% CO2-grown cells, algal cells grown in air and in air enriched with 3% and 40% CO2, respectively; CA, carbonic anhydrase; ΦII, quantum efficiency of PSII; LHC, light-harvesting complex.

Journal Article.  6545 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Biochemistry ; Molecular and Cell Biology ; Plant Sciences and Forestry

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