Journal Article

Dual Role of Triplet Localization on the Accessory Chlorophyll in the Photosystem II Reaction Center: Photoprotection and Photodamage of the D1 Protein

Takumi Noguchi

in Plant and Cell Physiology

Published on behalf of Japanese Society of Plant Physiologists

Volume 43, issue 10, pages 1112-1116
Published in print October 2002 | ISSN: 0032-0781
Published online October 2002 | e-ISSN: 1471-9053 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/pcp/pcf137
Dual Role of Triplet Localization on the Accessory Chlorophyll in the Photosystem II Reaction Center: Photoprotection and Photodamage  of the D1 Protein

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Infrared absorption and electron spin resonance studies have shown that the excited triplet state of chlorophyll formed by radical pair recombination in the PSII reaction center is mainly localized on the accessory chlorophyll, which is most probably located in the D1 protein (Chl1). This triplet localization plays two contrasting roles, depending on the redox state of QA, in the process of acceptor-side photoinhibition of PSII. In the early stage of photoinhibition, in which singly reduced QA is reversibly stabilized, the triplet state of Chl1 (3Chl1*) is rapidly quenched (t1/2 = 2–20 µs) by the interaction with QA, preventing formation of harmful singlet oxygen. In the next inhibitory stage, in which QA is doubly reduced and then irreversibly released from the QA pocket, the lifetime of 3Chl1* becomes longer by more than two orders of magnitude (t1/2 = 1–3 ms). As a result, singlet oxygen is produced around Chl1 in the D1 protein, causing damage preferably to the D1 protein, which induces subsequent proteolytic degradation. Thus, 3Chl1* functions as a switch to change from the protective to the degradative phase of the PSII reaction center by sensing either reversible or irreversible inhibited state at the QA site.

Keywords: Keywords: Infrared spectroscopy — Photoinhibition — Photoprotection — Photosystem II — Singlet oxygen — Triplet state of chlorophyll.; Abbreviations: Chl1, accessory chlorophyll in the D1 protein of photosystem II as an analogue of BL of bacterial reaction centers; ESR, electron spin resonance; FTIR, Fourier transform infrared; IR, infrared; P680, the primary donor of photosystem II; RC, reaction center.

Journal Article.  2694 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Biochemistry ; Molecular and Cell Biology ; Plant Sciences and Forestry

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