Journal Article

Plants Impaired in State Transitions Can to a Large Degree Compensate for their Defect

Christina Lunde, Poul Erik Jensen, Lisa Rosgaard, Anna Haldrup, Margaret Joan Gilpin and Henrik Vibe Scheller

in Plant and Cell Physiology

Published on behalf of Japanese Society of Plant Physiologists

Volume 44, issue 1, pages 44-54
Published in print January 2003 | ISSN: 0032-0781
Published online January 2003 | e-ISSN: 1471-9053 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/pcp/pcg012
Plants Impaired in State Transitions Can to a Large Degree Compensate for their Defect

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Arabidopsis thaliana plants lacking the PSI-H or PSI-L subunit of photosystem I have been shown to be severely affected in their ability to perform state transitions, but no visual phenotype was observed when these plants were grown under different light quantities and qualities. However, the chloroplasts in the PSI-H- and PSI-L-less plants contained fewer and more extended grana stacks. The plants lacking PSI-H or PSI-L were characterised with respect to their photosynthetic performance. Wild-type plants adjusted the non-photochemical fluorescence quenching to maintain constant levels of PSII quantum yield and reduction of the plastoquinone pool. In contrast, the plants deficient in state transitions had a more reduced plastoquinone pool and consequently, a less efficient PSII-photochemistry under growth-light conditions and in state 2. The maximal photosynthetic capacity and the quantum efficiency of oxygen evolution were diminished by 8–14% in the PSI-H-less plants. Under growth-light conditions, the stroma was similarly reduced in the PSI-H-less plants and the rate of cyclic electron transport was unchanged. Pigment analysis showed that the xanthophyll cycle was not upregulated in order to compensate for the lack of state transitions. In general, the plants lacking PSI-H and PSI-L showed a decreased ability to optimise photosynthesis according to the light conditions.

Keywords: Keywords: Arabidopsis thaliana — Photosynthesis — Regulation — Thylakoid structure — Xanthophyll cycle.; Abbreviations: EPS, epoxidation state, PFD, photon flux density, LHC, light harvesting complex, NPQ, non-photochemical quenching, PS, photosystem, qP, photochemical quenching.

Journal Article.  8359 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Biochemistry ; Molecular and Cell Biology ; Plant Sciences and Forestry

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