Journal Article

Ethylene Promotes the Induction by Auxin of the Cortical Microtubule Randomization Required for Low-pH-Induced Root Hair Initiation in Lettuce (<i>Lactuca sativa</i> L.) Seedlings

Hidenori Takahashi, Aiko Kawahara and Yasunori Inoue

in Plant and Cell Physiology

Published on behalf of Japanese Society of Plant Physiologists

Volume 44, issue 9, pages 932-940
Published in print September 2003 | ISSN: 0032-0781
Published online September 2003 | e-ISSN: 1471-9053 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/pcp/pcg119
Ethylene Promotes the Induction by Auxin of the Cortical Microtubule Randomization Required for Low-pH-Induced Root Hair Initiation in Lettuce (Lactuca sativa L.) Seedlings

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  • Biochemistry
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  • Plant Sciences and Forestry

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Transverse cortical microtubule (CMT) arrays in lettuce root epidermal cells randomize soon after a shift from pH 6.0 to pH 4.0, and this randomization is essential for root hair initiation. We investigated the hormonal regulation of CMT randomization. At pH 4.0, 1 µM of the auxin competitive inhibitor 2-(p-chlorophenoxy)-2-methylpropionic acid (PCIB), 0.1 µM of the ethylene biosynthesis inhibitor aminoethoxyvinylglycine (AVG) or 0.1 µM of the ethylene action inhibitor Ag+ suppressed CMT randomization and root hair initiation. At pH 6.0, addition of 0.1 µM indole-3-acetic acid (IAA) or 1 µM of the ethylene precursor 1-aminocyclopropane-1-carboxylic acid (ACC) induced CMT randomization and root hair initiation. Culturing with 0.1 µM IAA plus 0.1 µM AVG, or 1 µM ACC plus 1 µM PCIB also induced these phenomena. ACC (1 µM) plus 100 µM PCIB inhibited CMT randomization and root hair initiation, but 1 µM AVG with 0.1 µM Ag+ and 0.1 µM IAA induced them. These results suggest that auxin is essential for CMT randomization. As a higher concentration of PCIB was required to suppress CMT randomization when ACC was added, the greater amount of ethylene produced at pH 4.0 may promote the induction by auxin of CMT randomization in hair-forming cells.

Keywords: Keywords: Auxin — Ethylene — Lactuca sativa L. — Microtubule — Randomization — Root hair.; Abbreviations: ACC, 1-aminocyclopropane-1-carboxylic acid; AVG, aminoethoxyvinylglycine; CMT, cortical microtubule; IAA, indole-3-acetic acid; PCIB, 2-(p-chlorophenoxy)-2-methylpropionic acid.

Journal Article.  6089 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Biochemistry ; Molecular and Cell Biology ; Plant Sciences and Forestry

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