Journal Article

Photosynthetic Enzyme Accumulation during Leaf Development of <i>Arundinella hirta</i>, a C<sub>4</sub> Grass Having Kranz Cells not Associated with Veins

Masataka Wakayama, Osamu Ueno and Jun-ichi Ohnishi

in Plant and Cell Physiology

Published on behalf of Japanese Society of Plant Physiologists

Volume 44, issue 12, pages 1330-1340
Published in print December 2003 | ISSN: 0032-0781
Published online December 2003 | e-ISSN: 1471-9053 | DOI:
Photosynthetic Enzyme Accumulation during Leaf Development of Arundinella hirta, a C4 Grass Having Kranz Cells not Associated with Veins

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  • Biochemistry
  • Molecular and Cell Biology
  • Plant Sciences and Forestry


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The leaf of the NADP-malic enzyme type C4 grass, Arundinella hirta, has not only mesophyll cells (MCs) and bundle sheath cells (BSCs, usual Kranz cells) but also another type of Kranz cells (distinctive cells; DCs) that are not associated with vascular bundles. We investigated photosynthetic enzyme accumulation along the base-to-tip maturation gradient of developing leaves by immunogold electron microscopy. In mature leaves, phosphoenolpyruvate carboxylase (PEPC) and ribulose 1,5-bisphosphate carboxylase/oxygenase (Rubisco) were detected in the MC cytosol and in the BSC and DC chloroplasts, respectively. Pyruvate, Pi dikinase (PPDK) was present in the chloroplasts of all photosynthetic cells but with higher levels in the MCs. Rubisco was first detected in the basal region of emerging leaf blades where the BSCs and DCs became discernable. Subsequently, the accumulation of PEPC and PPDK was initiated in the region where the granal proliferation in the chloroplasts was conspicuous; and, suberized lamellae were formed in the cell walls of the Kranz cells. There was no difference in the patterns of cellular development and enzyme accumulation between the BSCs and DCs or between the MCs adjacent to each type of Kranz cells. These results demonstrate that, although the DCs are not associated with veins, they behaved like BSCs with respect to enzyme induction and cellular differentiation.

Keywords: Keywords: Arundinella hirta — Bundle sheath cell — C4 photosynthesis — Distinctive cell — Kranz leaf anatomy — Leaf development.; Abbreviations: BSC, bundle sheath cell; DC, distinctive cell; LS large subunit; MC, mesophyll cell; MCBSC, mesophyll cell adjacent to bundle sheath cell; MCDC, mesophyll cell adjacent to distinctive cell; ME, malic enzyme; PEPC, phosphoenolpyruvate carboxylase; PPDK, pyruvate, Pi dikinase; Rubisco, ribulose 1,5-bisphosphate carboxylase/oxygenase.

Journal Article.  6175 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Biochemistry ; Molecular and Cell Biology ; Plant Sciences and Forestry

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