Journal Article

Functional Differentiation of Peroxisomes Revealed by Expression Profiles of Peroxisomal Genes in <i>Arabidopsis thaliana</i>

Tomoe Kamada, Kazumasa Nito, Hiroshi Hayashi, Shoji Mano, Makoto Hayashi and Mikio Nishimura

in Plant and Cell Physiology

Published on behalf of Japanese Society of Plant Physiologists

Volume 44, issue 12, pages 1275-1289
Published in print December 2003 | ISSN: 0032-0781
Published online December 2003 | e-ISSN: 1471-9053 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/pcp/pcg173
Functional Differentiation of Peroxisomes Revealed by Expression Profiles of Peroxisomal Genes in Arabidopsis thaliana

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  • Biochemistry
  • Molecular and Cell Biology
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It is well known that peroxisomal matrix proteins contain one of two targeting signals, PTS1 and PTS2. We comprehensively surveyed genes related to peroxisomal function and biogenesis in the entire Arabidopsis genome sequence. Here, we identified 256 gene candidates of PTS1- and PTS2-containing proteins and another 30 genes of non-PTS-containing proteins. Of these, only 29 proteins have been reported to be functionally characterized as peroxisomal proteins in higher plants. We extensively investigated expression profiles of genes described above in various organs of Arabidopsis. Statistical analyses of these expression profiles revealed that peroxisomal genes could be divided into five groups. One group showed ubiquitous expression in all organs examined, while the other four were classified as showing organ-specific expression in seedlings, cotyledons, roots and in both cotyledons and leaves. These data proposed more detailed description of differentiation of plant peroxisomes.

Keywords: Keywords: Arabidopsis thaliana — Glyoxysome — Leaf peroxisome — Protein targeting — Targeting signal — Transcriptome.; Abbreviations: PTS, peroxisomal targeting signal; BCAA, branched chain amino acid; ACX, acyl-CoA oxidase.

Journal Article.  9810 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Biochemistry ; Molecular and Cell Biology ; Plant Sciences and Forestry

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