Journal Article

Actin Control Over Microtubules Suggested by <i>DISTORTED2</i> Encoding the <i>Arabidopsis</i> ARPC2 Subunit Homolog

Rainer Saedler, Neeta Mathur, Bhylahalli P. Srinivas, Birgit Kernebeck, Martin Hülskamp and Jaideep Mathur

in Plant and Cell Physiology

Published on behalf of Japanese Society of Plant Physiologists

Volume 45, issue 7, pages 813-822
Published in print July 2004 | ISSN: 0032-0781
Published online July 2004 | e-ISSN: 1471-9053 | DOI:
Actin Control Over Microtubules Suggested by DISTORTED2 Encoding the Arabidopsis ARPC2 Subunit Homolog

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  • Biochemistry
  • Molecular and Cell Biology
  • Plant Sciences and Forestry


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In Arabidopsis, based on the randomly misshapen phenotype of leaf epidermal trichomes, eight genes have been grouped into a ‘DISTORTED’ class. Three of the DIS genes, WURM, DISTORTED1 and CROOKED have been cloned recently and encode the ARP2, ARP3 and ARPC5 subunits respectively, of a conserved actin modulating ARP2/3 complex. Here we identify a fourth gene, DISTORTED2 as the Arabidopsis homolog of the ARPC2 subunit of the ARP2/3 complex. Like other mutants in the complex dis2 trichomes also display supernumerary, randomly localized cortical actin patches. In addition dis2 trichomes possess abnormally clustered endoplasmic microtubules near sites of actin aggregation. Since microtubules are strongly implicated in the establishment and maintenance of growth directionality in higher plants our observations of aberrant microtubule clustering in dis2 trichomes suggests a convincing explanation for the randomly distorted trichome phenotype in dis mutants. In addition, the close proximity of microtubule clusters to the arbitrarily dispersed cortical actin patches in the dis mutants provides fresh insights into cytoskeletal interactions leading us to suggest that in higher plants microtubule arrangements directed towards the establishment and maintenance of polar growth-directionality are guided by cortical actin behavior and organization.

Keywords: Keywords: Actin — Arabidopsis — ARP2/3 complex — cytoskeleton — DISTORTED2 — Microtubules.; Abbreviations: ARP2/3 complex, actin-related protein 2/3 complex; MS medium, Murashige and Skoog medium (1962).

Journal Article.  6467 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Biochemistry ; Molecular and Cell Biology ; Plant Sciences and Forestry

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