Journal Article

Brassinosteroid Regulates Fiber Development on Cultured Cotton Ovules

Yan Sun, Suresh Veerabomma, Haggag A. Abdel-Mageed, Mohamed Fokar, Tadao Asami, Shigeo Yoshida and Randy D. Allen

in Plant and Cell Physiology

Published on behalf of Japanese Society of Plant Physiologists

Volume 46, issue 8, pages 1384-1391
Published in print August 2005 | ISSN: 0032-0781
Published online August 2005 | e-ISSN: 1471-9053 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/pcp/pci150
Brassinosteroid Regulates Fiber Development on Cultured Cotton Ovules

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Our current understanding of the role of phytohormones in the development of cotton fibers is derived largely from an amenable culture system in which cotton ovules, collected on the day of anthesis, are floated on liquid media. Under these conditions, supplemental auxin and gibberellin were found to promote fiber initiation and elongation. More recently, addition of low concentrations of the brassinosteroid brassinolide (BL) were also found to promote fiber elongation while a brassinosteroid biosynthesis inhibitor brassinazole2001 (Brz) inhibited fiber development. In order to elucidate the role of brassinosteroid in cotton fiber development further, we have performed a more detailed analysis of the effects of these chemicals on cultured cotton ovules. Our results confirm that exogenous BL promotes fiber elongation while treatment with Brz inhibits it. Furthermore, treatment of cotton floral buds with Brz results in the complete absence of fiber differentiation, indicating that BR is required for fiber initiation as well as elongation. Expression of fiber genes associated with cell elongation increased in ovules treated with BL and was suppressed by Brz treatment, establishing a correlation between brassinosteroid-regulated gene expression and fiber elongation. These results establish a clear connection between brassinosteroid and fiber development and open the door for genetic analysis of cotton development through direct modification of the brassinosteroid signal transduction pathway.

Keywords: Brassinazole; Brassinosteroid; Cell elongation; Cotton fiber; Gossypium hirsutum; Ovule culture; ACP, acyl carrier protein; AGP, arabinogalactan protein; BL, brassinolide; BR, brassinosteroid; Brz, brassinazole2001; DPA days post-antithesis; EXP, expansin; LM, light microscopy; NAA, naphthalene-1-acetic acid; RT–PCR, reverse transcription–PCR; SEM, scanning electron microscopy; XTH, xyloglucan transferase/hydrolase

Journal Article.  5663 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Biochemistry ; Molecular and Cell Biology ; Plant Sciences and Forestry

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