Journal Article

Overexpression of <i>PRE1</i> and its Homologous Genes Activates Gibberellin-dependent Responses in <i>Arabidopsis thaliana</i>

Sumin Lee, Seunghee Lee, Ki-Young Yang, Young-Mi Kim, So-Yeon Park, Soo Young Kim and Moon-Soo Soh

in Plant and Cell Physiology

Published on behalf of Japanese Society of Plant Physiologists

Volume 47, issue 5, pages 591-600
Published in print May 2006 | ISSN: 0032-0781
Published online May 2006 | e-ISSN: 1471-9053 | DOI:
Overexpression of PRE1 and its Homologous Genes Activates Gibberellin-dependent Responses in Arabidopsis thaliana

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  • Biochemistry
  • Molecular and Cell Biology
  • Plant Sciences and Forestry


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Gibberellins control various aspects of growth and development. Here, we identified a gene, designated paclobutrazol resistance1 (PRE1), by screening Arabidopsis activation-tagged lines. PRE1 encodes a helix–loop–helix protein and belongs to a small gene family. Physiological and genetic analysis indicated that overexpression of PRE1 altered various aspects of gibberellin-dependent responses such as germination, elongation of hypocotyl/petiole, floral induction and fruit development, and suppressed gibberellin-deficient phenotypes of the ga2 mutant. Expression of some gibberellin-responsive genes was also affected by PRE1. Expression of PRE1 was shown to be early gibberellin inducible in the wild-type plants and under control of SPY and GAI, upstream negative regulators of gibberellin signaling. The shortened hypocotyl length phenotype of the gai-1 mutant was suppressed by PRE1 overexpression. Ectopic overexpression of each of the four PRE1-related genes conferred pleiotropic phenotypes similar to PRE1 overexpression, indicative of overlapping functions among the PRE gene family. Our results of gain-of-function studies suggest that PRE genes may have a regulatory role in gibberellin-dependent development in Arabidopsis thaliana.

Keywords: Activation tagging; Gibberellin; Helix–loop–helix; PRE1; Signaling; CaMV, cauliflower mosaic virus; GUS, β-glucuronidase; HLH, helix–loop–helix; PAC, paclobutrazol; PRE, paclobutrazol resistance; RT–PCR, reverse transcription–PCR; TAIL PCR, thermal asymmetric interlaced PCR

Journal Article.  6499 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Biochemistry ; Molecular and Cell Biology ; Plant Sciences and Forestry

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