Journal Article

<i>Rice Immature Pollen 1</i> (<i>RIP1</i>) is a Regulator of Late Pollen Development

Min-Jung Han, Ki-Hong Jung, Gihwan Yi, Dong-Yeon Lee and Gynheung An

in Plant and Cell Physiology

Published on behalf of Japanese Society of Plant Physiologists

Volume 47, issue 11, pages 1457-1472
Published in print November 2006 | ISSN: 0032-0781
Published online November 2006 | e-ISSN: 1471-9053 | DOI:
Rice Immature Pollen 1 (RIP1) is a Regulator of Late Pollen Development

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  • Biochemistry
  • Molecular and Cell Biology
  • Plant Sciences and Forestry


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We isolated a pollen-preferential gene, RICE IMMATURE POLLEN 1 (RIP1), from a T-DNA insertional population of japonica rice that was trapped by a promoterless β-glucuronidase (GUS) gene. Semi-quantitative reverse transcription–PCR (RT–PCR) analyses confirmed that the RIP1 transcript was abundant at the late stages of pollen development. Transgenic plants carrying a T-DNA insertion in the RIP1 gene displayed the phenotype of segregation distortion of the mutated rip1 gene. Moreover, rip1/rip1 homozygous progeny were not present. Reciprocal crosses between Rip1/rip1 heterozygous plants and the wild type showed that the rip1 allele could not be transmitted through the male. Microscopic analysis demonstrated that development in the rip1 pollen was delayed, starting at the early vacuolated stage. Close examination of that pollen by transmission electron microscopy also showed delayed formation of starch granules and the intine layer. In addition, development of the mitochondria, Golgi apparatus, lipid bodies, plastids and endoplasmic reticulum was deferred in the mutant pollen. Under in vitro conditions, germination of this mutant pollen did not occur, whereas the rate for wild-type pollen was >90%. These results indicate that RIP1 is necessary for pollen maturation and germination. This gene encodes a protein that shares significant homology with a group of proteins containing five WD40 repeat sequences. The green fluorescent protein (GFP)–RIP1 fusion protein is localized to the nucleus. Therefore, RIP1 is probably a nuclear protein that may form a functional complex with other proteins and carry out essential cellular and developmental roles during the late stage of pollen formation.

Keywords: Male gametogenesis; Nuclear localization; Pollen maturation; Rice; T-DNA gene trap

Journal Article.  8160 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Biochemistry ; Molecular and Cell Biology ; Plant Sciences and Forestry

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