Journal Article

Molecular Characterization of PoGT8D and PoGT43B, Two Secondary Wall-Associated Glycosyltransferases in Poplar

Gong-Ke Zhou, Ruiqin Zhong, David S. Himmelsbach, Brooks T. McPhail and Zheng-Hua Ye

in Plant and Cell Physiology

Published on behalf of Japanese Society of Plant Physiologists

Volume 48, issue 5, pages 689-699
Published in print May 2007 | ISSN: 0032-0781
Published online May 2007 | e-ISSN: 1471-9053 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/pcp/pcm037
Molecular Characterization of PoGT8D and PoGT43B, Two Secondary Wall-Associated Glycosyltransferases in Poplar

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  • Biochemistry
  • Molecular and Cell Biology
  • Plant Sciences and Forestry

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Dicot wood is mainly composed of cellulose, lignin and glucuronoxylan (GX). Although the biosynthetic genes for cellulose and lignin have been studied intensively, little is known about the genes involved in the biosynthesis of GX during wood formation. Here, we report the molecular characterization of two genes, PoGT8D and PoGT43B, which encode putative glycosyltransferases, in the hybrid poplar Populus alba × tremula. The predicted amino acid sequences of PoGT8D and PoGT43B exhibit 89 and 75% similarity to the Arabidopsis thaliana IRREGULAR XYLEM8 (IRX8) and IRX9, respectively, both of which have been shown to be required for GX biosynthesis. The PoGT8D and PoGT43B genes were found to be expressed in cells undergoing secondary wall thickening, including the primary xylem, secondary xylem and phloem fibers in stems, and the secondary xylem in roots. Both PoGT8D and PoGT43B are predicted to be type II membrane proteins and shown to be targeted to Golgi. Overexpression of PoGT43B in the irx9 mutant was able to rescue the defects in plant size and secondary wall thickness and partially restore the xylose content. Taken together, our results demonstrate that PoGT8D and PoGT43B are Golgi-localized, secondary wall-associated proteins, and PoGT43B is a functional ortholog of IRX9 involved in GX biosynthesis during wood formation.

Keywords: Glucuronoxylan; Glycosyltransferase; Poplar; Secondary wall synthesis

Journal Article.  5091 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Biochemistry ; Molecular and Cell Biology ; Plant Sciences and Forestry

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