Journal Article

Binding of <i>Chara</i> Myosin Globular Tail Domain to Phospholipid Vesicles

Shun-ya Nunokawa, Hiromi Anan, Kiyo Shimada, You Hachikubo, Taku Kashiyama, Kohji Ito and Keiichi Yamamoto

in Plant and Cell Physiology

Published on behalf of Japanese Society of Plant Physiologists

Volume 48, issue 11, pages 1558-1566
Published in print November 2007 | ISSN: 0032-0781
Published online November 2007 | e-ISSN: 1471-9053 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/pcp/pcm126
Binding of Chara Myosin Globular Tail Domain to Phospholipid Vesicles

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  • Biochemistry
  • Molecular and Cell Biology
  • Plant Sciences and Forestry

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Binding of Chara myosin globular tail domain to phospholipid vesicles was investigated quantitatively. It was found that the globular tail domain binds to vesicles made from acidic phospholipids but not to those made from neutral phospholipids. This binding was weakened at high KCl concentration, suggesting that the binding is electrostatic by nature. The dissociation constant for the binding of the globular tail domain to 20% phosphatidylserine vesicles (similar to endoplasmic reticulum in acidic phospholipid contents) at 150 mM KCl was 273 nM. The free energy change due to this binding calculated from the dissociation constant was −37.3 kJ mol−1. Thus the bond between the globular tail domain and membrane phospholipids would not be broken when the motor domain of Chara myosin moves along the actin filament using the energy of ATP hydrolysis (ΔG°′ = −30.5 kJ mol−1). Our results suggested that direct binding of Chara myosin to the endoplasmic reticulum membrane through the globular tail domain could work satisfactorily in Chara cytoplasmic streaming. We also suggest a possible regulatory mechanism of cytoplasmic streaming including phosphorylation-dependent dissociation of the globular tail domain from the endoplasmic reticulum membrane.

Keywords: Ca2+ regulation; Chara corallina; Cytoplasmic streaming; Globular tail domain; Plant myosin; Phospholipid binding

Journal Article.  6356 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Biochemistry ; Molecular and Cell Biology ; Plant Sciences and Forestry

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