Journal Article

Effects of Blue Light Deficiency on Acclimation of Light Energy Partitioning in PSII and CO<sub>2</sub> Assimilation Capacity to High Irradiance in Spinach Leaves

Ryo Matsuda, Keiko Ohashi-Kaneko, Kazuhiro Fujiwara and Kenji Kurata

in Plant and Cell Physiology

Published on behalf of Japanese Society of Plant Physiologists

Volume 49, issue 4, pages 664-670
Published in print April 2008 | ISSN: 0032-0781
Published online April 2008 | e-ISSN: 1471-9053 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/pcp/pcn041
Effects of Blue Light Deficiency on Acclimation of Light Energy Partitioning in PSII and CO2 Assimilation Capacity to High Irradiance in Spinach Leaves

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Blue light effects on the acclimation of energy partitioning characteristics in PSII and CO2 assimilation capacity in spinach to high growth irradiance were investigated. Plants were grown hydroponically in different light treatments that were a combination of two light qualities and two irradiances, i.e. white light and blue-deficient light at photosynthetic photon flux densities (PPFDs) of 100 and 500 μmol m−2 s−1. The CO2 assimilation rate, the quantum efficiency of PSII (ΦPSII) and thermal dissipation activity [math] / [math] in young, fully expanded leaves were measured under 1,600 μmol m−2 s−1 white light. The CO2 assimilation rate and ΦPSII were higher, while [math] / [math] was lower in plants grown under high irradiance than in plants grown under low irradiance. These responses were observed irrespective of the presence or absence of blue light during growth. The extent of the increase in the CO2 assimilation rate and ΦPSII and the decrease in [math] / [math] by high growth irradiance was smaller under blue light-deficient conditions. These results indicate that blue light helps to boost the acclimation responses of energy partitioning in PSII and CO2 assimilation to high irradiance. Similarly, leaf N, Cyt f and Chl contents per unit leaf area increased by high growth irradiance, and the extent of the increment in leaf N, Cyt f and Chl was smaller under blue light-deficient conditions. Regression analysis showed that the differences in energy partitioning in PSII and CO2 assimilation between plants grown under high white light and high blue-deficient light were closely related to the difference in leaf N.

Keywords: Chlorophyll fluorescence — Gas exchange (photosynthesis) — Light acclimation — Light quality — Nitrogen (leaf) — Spinach (Spinacia oleracea L.)

Journal Article.  4166 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Biochemistry ; Molecular and Cell Biology ; Plant Sciences and Forestry

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