Journal Article

<i>Agrobacterium</i>-Mediated Transformation of the Haploid Liverwort <i>Marchantia polymorpha</i> L., an Emerging Model for Plant Biology

Kimitsune Ishizaki, Shota Chiyoda, Katsuyuki T. Yamato and Takayuki Kohchi

in Plant and Cell Physiology

Published on behalf of Japanese Society of Plant Physiologists

Volume 49, issue 7, pages 1084-1091
Published in print July 2008 | ISSN: 0032-0781
Published online June 2008 | e-ISSN: 1471-9053 | DOI:
Agrobacterium-Mediated Transformation of the Haploid Liverwort Marchantia polymorpha L., an Emerging Model for Plant Biology

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  • Biochemistry
  • Molecular and Cell Biology
  • Plant Sciences and Forestry


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Agrobacterium-mediated transformation has not been practical in pteridophytes, bryophytes and algae to date, although it is commonly used in model plants including Arabidopsis and rice. Here we present a rapid Agrobacterium-mediated transformation system for the haploid liverwort Marchantia polymorpha L. using immature thalli developed from spores. Hundreds of hygromycin-resistant plants per sporangium were obtained by co-cultivation of immature thalli with Agrobacterium carrying the binary vector that contains a reporter, the β-glucuronidase (GUS) gene with an intron, and a selection marker, the hygromycin phosphotransferase (hpt) gene. In this system, individual gemmae, which arise asexually from single initial cells, were analyzed as isogenic transformants. GUS activity staining showed that all hygromycin-resistant plants examined expressed the GUS transgene in planta. DNA analyses verified random integration of 1–5 copies of the intact T-DNA between the right and the left borders into the M. polymorpha genome. The efficient and rapid Agrobacterium-mediated transformation of M. polymorpha should provide molecular techniques to facilitate comparative genomics, taking advantage of this unique model plant that retains many features of the common ancestor of land plants.

Keywords: Agrobacterium-mediated transformation; Bryophyte; Hepaticae; Liverwort; Marchantia polymorpha; T-DNA

Journal Article.  4398 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Biochemistry ; Molecular and Cell Biology ; Plant Sciences and Forestry

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