Journal Article

3D Confocal Laser Scanning Microscopy for the Analysis of Chlorophyll Fluorescence Parameters of Chloroplasts in Intact Leaf Tissues

Kenji Omasa, Atsumi Konishi, Hikaru Tamura and Fumiki Hosoi

in Plant and Cell Physiology

Published on behalf of Japanese Society of Plant Physiologists

Volume 50, issue 1, pages 90-105
Published in print January 2009 | ISSN: 0032-0781
Published online November 2008 | e-ISSN: 1471-9053 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/pcp/pcn174
3D Confocal Laser Scanning Microscopy for the Analysis of Chlorophyll Fluorescence Parameters of Chloroplasts in Intact Leaf Tissues

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  • Biochemistry
  • Molecular and Cell Biology
  • Plant Sciences and Forestry

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We analyzed the chlorophyll fluorescence parameters in a 3D cellular arrangement in vivo by using a modified Nipkow disk-type confocal laser scanning microscope (CLSM). We first defined the 3D values of ΦPSII (photochemical yield of PSII) and NPQ (non-photochemical quenching) in mesophyll, epidermal and guard cell chloroplasts from the leaf surface to several tens of microns in depth. We also used this CLSM method to analyze the relationships between actinic light intensity and the chlorophyll fluorescence parameters for Boston fern and broad bean leaf specimens. As the actinic light intensity increased, the mean ΦPSII values decreased and the NPQ values increased in all chloroplasts of Boston fern and broad bean leaf. These values differed with cell type and species. The Boston fern chloroplasts had lower ΦPSII values than the broad bean chloroplasts, and vice versa for the NPQ values. The ΦPSII values of Boston fern chloroplasts decreased in the order mesophyll, epidermal and guard cell chloroplasts. The NPQ values decreased in the order guard cell, mesophyll and epidermal chloroplasts, except at 12 μmol m–2 s–1 actinic light, when the mesophyll value was slightly lower than that of the epidermis. The trend in the ΦPSII and NPQ values of broad bean mesophyll and guard cell chloroplasts was opposite to that of Boston fern chloroplasts. As 3D CLSM can provide the ΦPSII and NPQ values of each chloroplast in a 3D cellular arrangement, this method has potential for investigating differences in the functions of chloroplasts in vivo.

Keywords: 3D; Chlorophyll fluorescence; Chloroplast; CLSM; NPQ; ΦPSII

Journal Article.  9877 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Biochemistry ; Molecular and Cell Biology ; Plant Sciences and Forestry

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