Journal Article

Phosphatidylglycerol Depletion Induces an Increase in Myxoxanthophyll Biosynthetic Activity in <i>Synechocystis</i> PCC6803 Cells

Ildiko Domonkos, Przemyslaw Malec, Hajnalka Laczko-Dobos, Ozge Sozer, Kinga Klodawska, Hajime Wada, Kazimierz Strzalka and Zoltan Gombos

in Plant and Cell Physiology

Published on behalf of Japanese Society of Plant Physiologists

Volume 50, issue 2, pages 374-382
Published in print February 2009 | ISSN: 0032-0781
Published online January 2009 | e-ISSN: 1471-9053 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/pcp/pcn204
Phosphatidylglycerol Depletion Induces an Increase in Myxoxanthophyll Biosynthetic Activity in Synechocystis PCC6803 Cells

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Phosphatidylglycerol (PG) depletion suppressed the oxygen-evolving activity of Synechocystis PCC6803 pgsA mutant cells. Shortage of PG led to decreased photosynthetic activity, which, similar to the effect of high light exposure, is likely to generate the production of reactive oxygen species (ROS) or free radicals. Protection of the PG-depleted cells against light-induced damage increased the echinenone and myxoxanthophyll content of the cells. The increased carotenoid content was localized in a soluble fraction of the cells as well as in isolated thylakoid and cytoplasmic membranes. The soluble carotenoid fraction contained carotene derivatives, which may bind to proteins. These carotene–protein complexes are similar to orange carotenoid protein that is involved in yielding protection against free radicals and ROS. An increase in the content of myxoxanthophyll and echinenone upon PG depletion suggests that PG depletion regulates the biosynthetic pathway of specific carotenoids.

Keywords: Carotenoids; Myxoxanthophyll; PG depletion; Photosynthesis; Protection; SynechocystisPCC6803

Journal Article.  4608 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Biochemistry ; Molecular and Cell Biology ; Plant Sciences and Forestry

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